Bwangrud is a language with no verbs. All actions are expressed in Bwangrud by describing its result (or potential result). A number of adverbs and discourse particles exist that allow these results to be marked as factual or hypothetical (with different shades of meaning for each), as well as conveying a speaker or writer's thoughts on a particular matter. The language is an isolate spoken by several tribes in the mountainous coastal regions of Brazil, near São Paolo and Rio de Janeiro.
Bwángxùdga dadíxuga bwìbubumanda.